Dates: October 2, 1869 to January 30, 1948
Also Known As: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Overview of Gandhi: Mohandas Gandhi was the last child of his father Karamchand Gandhi and his father’s fourth wife Putlibai
Date of Birth:Oct 2, 1869
Date of Death:Jan 30, 1948
Place of Birth:Gujarat
Mahatma Gandhi Born In Hindu family ,Porbander ,Gujrat
May 1883, at the age of 13 Mahatma Gandhi was married with Kasturba Makhanji (kasturba gandhi) .who was the same age as he.
Harilal Gandhi, born in 1888
Manilal Gandhi, born in 1892
Ramdas Gandhi, born in 1897
Devdas Gandhi, born in 1900
Gandhi was a mediocre student in his youth at Porbandar and later Rajkot. He barely passed the matriculation exam for the University of Bombay in 1887, where he joined Samaldas College. He was also unhappy at the college, because his family wanted him to become a barrister. He leapt at the opportunity to study in England, which he viewed as “a land of philosophers and poets, the very centre of civilization.” Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a major political and spiritual leader of India, and the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer and perfector of Satyagraha – the resistance of tyranny through mass civil disobedience strongly founded upon ahimsa (total non-violence) – which led India to independence, and has inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
Gandhiji sailed for England on September 4, 1888. Initially he had difficulty in adjusting to English customs and weather but soon he overcame it. Gandhiji completed his Law degree in 1891 and returned to India. He decided to set up legal practice in Bombay but couldn’t establish himself. Gandhiji returned to Rajkot but here also he could not make much headway. At this time Gandhiji received an offer from Dada Abdulla & Co. to proceed to South Africa on their behalf to instruct their counsel in a lawsuit. Gandhiji jumped at the idea and sailed for South Africa in April 1893.
South Africa was a turning point. The overt racism that he, and other Indians, faced, turned him towards active politics, and the various influences in his life came together into the first formulation of what is now called Gandhian politics.
His political involvement in South Africa began in the usual liberal British fashion, with the writing of letters to newspapers, organising lectures and debates, founding an organisation with meticulously kept accounts, making petitions and publishing pamphlets. This activity won the sympathy of all parties in India. In 1897 he toured India, meeting Tilak, Ranade, Gokhale and Bannerjee. He adopted the moderate Gokhale as his political guru. He returned to South Africa, and was immediately embroiled in controversy. Nevertheless, in 1899 when the Boer War broke out, he volunteered to lead an ambulance corps. The writings of Naroji seem to have had little effect on him during this period, because he believed that India was actually gaining out of the British rule.
non-violence seems to have been born in 1906. In this year the South African government required that every Indian carry an identification pass. Gandhi led the community in a mass refusal to obey the law. The word satyagraha was coined in 1908 by Gandhi and one of his cousins. By 1914 the movement was making sufficient progress for Gandhi to feel that he could return to India.
Gandhi became a leader in a complex struggle, the Indian campaign for home rule. Following World War I, in which he played an active part in recruiting campaigns, Gandhi, again advocating Satyagraha, launched his movement of non-violent resistance to Great Britain. When, in 1919, Parliament passed the Rowlatt Acts, giving the Indian colonial authorities emergency powers to deal with so-called revolutionary activities, Satyagraha spread throughout India, gaining millions of followers. A demonstration against the Rowlatt Acts resulted in a massacre of Indians at Amritsar by British soldiers; in 1920, when the British government failed to make amends, Gandhi proclaimed an organized campaign of non-cooperation. Indians in public office resigned, government agencies such as courts of law were boycotted, and Indian children were withdrawn from government schools. Throughout India, streets were blocked by squatting Indians who refused to rise even when beaten by police. Gandhi was arrested, but the British were soon forced to release him.
Economic independence for India, involving the complete boycott of British goods, was made a corollary of Gandhi’s Swarajmovement. The economic aspects of the movement were significant, for the exploitation of Indian villagers by British industrialists had resulted in extreme poverty in the country and the virtual destruction of Indian home industries. As a remedy for such poverty, Gandhi advocated revival of cottage industries; he began to use a spinning wheel as a token of the return to the simple village life he preached, and of the renewal of native Indian industries
- Mahatma Gandhi biography profile says that in South Africa Mahatma Gandhi was shocked to discrimination between races. Thus racism and social prejudices shook up Gandhi. He was involved in the civil rights movement in South Africa.
- The biography of Mahatma Gandhi divulges that the struggle for the independence of India saw many movements under his leadership like the Satyagraha, Non cooperation movement, the Dandi march and finally the Quit India movement. Accordint to the Mahatma Gandhi Biography summary it was these agitations by Gandhi that stirred up the masses and forced the British to leave India.
- Though the British left India Mahatma Gandhi Biography profile says that he was pained to see India being partitioned.
The Mahatma Gandhi Biography profile reveals that he was assassinated on 30thJanuary 1948 by a Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse. The biography of Mahatma Gandhi upholds the virtues of truth and non violence and their effectiveness in dail